[79][80] The other seven provinces are as follows (numbers correspond to those on the map; provincial capitals appear in parentheses):[77], The provinces are further divided into 19 districts and 37 municipalities. Web App catalog with games & variations. The Africans were principally divided between Fernandinos and Bubi on one side, who feared a loss of privileges and 'swamping' by the Fang majority, and the Río Muni Fang nationalists on the other. It is still the language of education and administration. The Senate report showed at least $35 million siphoned off by Obiang, his family and regime senior officials. There is also a gendarmerie, but the number of members is unknown. According to the Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations (2002) 7% of Bioko islanders were Igbo, an ethnic group from southeastern Nigeria. The property is located in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea. Imported beer is usually more expensive than domestic beer. Despite this, plantations continued to be established by private citizens through the second half of the 19th century. The country was also chosen to host the 2008 Women's African Football Championship, which they won. Apr 3, 2019 @ 8:20 pm. [72], In October 2012, during an interview with Christiane Amanpour on CNN, Obiang was asked whether he would step down at the end of the current term (2009–2016) since the new constitution limited the number of terms to two and he has been reelected at least 4 times. [citation needed]. Although a few of the Fernandinos were Catholic and Spanish-speaking, about nine-tenths of them were Protestant and English-speaking on the eve of the First World War, and pidgin English was the lingua franca of the island. [58], According to a March 2004 BBC profile,[59] politics within the country were dominated by tensions between Obiang's son, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, and other close relatives with powerful positions in the security forces. This proved a feeble instrument, and, with growing pressure for change from the UN, Madrid was gradually forced to give way to the currents of nationalism. In return the USSR was to supply fish to Equatorial Guinea. [47], The nephew of Macías Nguema, Teodoro Obiang deposed his uncle on 3 August 1979, in a bloody coup d'état; over two weeks of civil war ensued until Nguema was captured. But there are two other classic ingredients: banana and coconut. Fernando Pó thus continued to suffer from labour shortages. Papua New Guinea Festivals: Enga Show. From shop CornBagz. As of 2004[update],[84] Equatorial Guinea is the third-largest oil producer in Sub-Saharan Africa. In response, the Spanish declared that they would hold a constitutional convention on 27 October 1967 to negotiate a new constitution for an independent Equatorial Guinea. Brigadier Felipe José, Count of Arjelejos sailed from Uruguay to formally take possession of Bioko from Portugal, landing on the island on 21 October 1778. Most restaurants serve Spanish or continental cuisine. It focuses in one of Equatorial Guinea's most translated writers Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel. This created a situation where during the election the ruling party's coalition did not provide the names of their candidates so effectively individuals were not running for office, instead the party was the one running for office. It has subsequently become the richest country per capita in Africa,[10] and its gross domestic product (GDP) adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita ranks 43rd in the world;[11] however, the wealth is distributed extremely unevenly, with few people benefiting from the oil riches. [82], Before independence Equatorial Guinea exported cocoa, coffee and timber, mostly to its colonial ruler, Spain, but also to Germany and the UK. At such informal gatherings, several different activities can coincide. [101][102][103] It also recognises long historical ties with Portugal, and with Portuguese-speaking peoples of Brazil, São Tomé and Príncipe, and Cape Verde. The Bata Medical School is supported principally by the government of Cuba and staffed by Cuban medical educators and physicians. The country obtained candidate status on 22 February 2008. Equatorial Guinea cuisine is a unique combination of traditional dishes and eccentric ones. The first phase consisted of little more than a continuation of previous policies; these closely resembled the policies of Portugal and France, notably in dividing the population into a vast majority governed as 'natives' or non-citizens, and a very small minority (together with whites) admitted to civic status as emancipados, assimilation to the metropolitan culture being the only permissible means of advancement. [52][53][54][55] The city was renamed Ciudad de la Paz ("City of Peace") in 2017. [83], The Equatorial Guinea government has partnered with Hess Corporation and The Academy for Educational Development (AED) to establish a $20 million education program for primary school teachers to teach modern child development techniques. equatorial-guinea. Listening to music and dancing are also popular group activities. [97][108] Additionally, the IILP secured land from the government for the construction of Portuguese language cultural centres in Bata and Malabo. Caribbean Songs & Games for Children is a collection of children’s rhymes and rhythms, many originating in West Indian and Caribbean island nations. The first factories were established on the islands around 1500 as the Portuguese quickly recognized the positives of the islands including volcanic soil and disease-resistant highlands. [100] The Annobonese ethnic community tried to gain membership in the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP). A quarter of the entire population had fled abroad, they said, while 'the prisons are overflowing and to all intents and purposes form one vast concentration camp'. RELATED LESSON PLAN"Steel band Style, Calypso Culture and Childhood Chants:Trinidadian Music for the Classroom" in your class, The Yoruba / Dahomean Collection: Orishas Across the Ocean>, "Steel band Style, Calypso Culture and Childhood Chants:Trinidadian Music for the Classroom" in your class, In a Fine Castle; Jane and Louisa; There's a Brown Girl in the Ring, Zammi Mann Man-Man; Toi si Bonne; Petit Oiseau. There are three airports in Equatorial Guinea — Malabo International Airport, Bata Airport and the new Annobon Airport on the island of Annobon. [citation needed], The greatest constraint to economic development was a chronic shortage of labour. In spite of his condemnation of Marxism, which he deemed "neo-colonialist", Equatorial Guinea maintained very special relations with communist states, notably China, Cuba, and the USSR. He called it Formosa ("Beautiful"), but it quickly took on the name of its European discoverer. [49] President Teodoro Obiang is widely suspected of using the country's oil wealth to enrich himself[50] and his associates. [14] Human trafficking is a significant problem; the 2012 U.S. Equatorial Guinea is on the west coast of Central Africa. From June to August, Río Muni is dry and Bioko wet; from December to February, the reverse occurs. In September 1936 Nationalist forces backed by Falangists from Fernando Pó, similarly to what happened in Spain proper took control of Río Muni, which under Governor-General Luiz Sanchez Guerra Saez and his deputy Porcel had backed the Republican government. The country has one university, the Universidad Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial (UNGE), with a campus in Malabo and a Faculty of Medicine located in Bata on the mainland. The International Committee of the Red Cross began running relief flights out of Equatorial Guinea, but Macías quickly became spooked and shut the flights down, refusing to allow them to fly diesel fuel for their trucks nor oxygen tanks for medical operations. The tension may be rooted in a power shift arising from the dramatic increase in oil production which has occurred since 1997. Equatorial Guinea is a small country with a wealth of natural resources, including its wide supply of tropical produce and Atlantic ocean fisheries. In addition, the country was told it must adopt political reforms allowing effective democracy and respect for human rights. The majority of the people of Equatorial Guinea are of Bantu origin. 5 out of 5 stars (1,960) 1,960 reviews $ 24.99 FREE shipping Bestseller [125], Coordinates: 1°30′N 10°00′E / 1.500°N 10.000°E / 1.500; 10.000, First European contact and Portuguese rule (1472–1778), Early Spanish rule and lease to Britain (1778–1844). By Wolfgang Fengler* A week hardly goes-by without one or more international investors announcingmajor investment interests in Nairobi, or other African capital cities. Trafficking in Persons Report stated that Equatorial Guinea "is a source and destination for women and children subjected to forced labour and forced sex trafficking." An agreement made with Liberia in 1914 to import cheap labor greatly favoured wealthy men with ready access to the state, and the shift in labor supplies from Liberia to Río Muni increased this advantage. Protestants make up approximately five per cent of the population. 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