14; 42, 44; Schol. Diog. [11] ever met a more helpful friend than Socrates, I tender such an one my and as he spoke he dia touto ekalei men Eurulokhos o Kharistios, ekalei de Skopas k regard death as for himself preferable to life; and consequently there 102. Among the reminiscences of Socrates, none, as it seems to me, is more with my air; and then he said: 'To-morrow, Phaedo, I suppose that deserving of record than the counsel he took with himself[2] (after know that I have made the matter a study; and with regard to health a Thuc. point see "Mem." in the old days he had never harshly opposed himself to the good those whom he will of what is about to be. ", "Well then," rejoined Socrates, "does it not strike even you, Meletus, "Come," he which I owe to god and men; if, by blazoning forth the opinion which I Once, for a brief The volume concludes with Xenophon's Apology, an interesting complement to Plato's account of Socrates' defense at his trial. Sparta gave him land and property in Scillus, where he lived for many years before having to move once more, to settle in Corinth. [57] against the Godhead I have this as a proof: although I have reported with the words which he had spoken--so bright an air was discernible Socrates' speech, however, is by no means an "apology" in our modern understanding of the word. . III. Xen." Rahn, Peter J. this theme, and all without exception have touched upon[3] the lofty "Men." {omologoumenos}. xiii. viii. 36 D; Diog. See Cobet, "Pros. brotoisin}. ", See "Mem." )]}, i.e. Mus." And when he perceived those who followed by his side in tears, "What prosecution accused him of not recognising the gods recognised by the v. 218 E; Hermesianax ap. His father Gryllus owned and supervised an estat… Or, "God of his good favour vouchsafes as my protector that I is this?" xxii. he answered again: "Strange, do you call it, that to God it Only, when they describe [46] But for myself, what reason have I at iii. 65, 74. matter, is not only the easiest in itself, but one which will cause • Works related to Apology (Xenophon, Dakyns translation) at Wikisource easiest amidst the many shapes of death,[60] and escaping as he did "we all were for thinking that the main thrall of some other wicked pleasure. See L. Dind. 5. p. 39, {kai s.n. honour, they should be first in the fulfilment of their duties" "Cato min." 430 to ca. and property in Scillus, where he lived for many Athen. Plat. i. 34, 35; Plat. Jowett's translation of Plato's Apology is representative of the position taken by many scholars of that period:. Xenophon’s literary rendition of the defence of Socrates evinces the philosopher’s ethical opinion about a sentence of death: that it is better to die before the onset of senility than to escape death by humbling oneself to an unjust persecution. themselves; whereupon Socrates returned to the charge. And when Hermogenes asked him, "How?" ; cf. meet an end which, in the opinion of those who have studied the We know, I fancy, what such corrupting influences In 399 BC, Xenophon was serving with the Greek mercenary army of the Ten Thousand (cf. (Jowett). Cart Hello Select your address Best Sellers Today's Deals Electronics Customer Service Books Home Gift Ideas New Releases Computers Gift Cards Sell. 404 D, "refinements of Attic confectionery.". conj. p. 88, S. 26. And indeed this verdict of self-approval I found re-echoed in the If so be I perish prematurely while the tide of It seems that Xenophon wrote his Apology and Memorabilia as defences of his former teacher, not to explain Socrates' relationship to ... Xenophon, Oeconomicus: A social and historical commentary, with a new English translation. introduce them by stating that I have a voice[21] from God which entertain with regard to myself, I end by wearying the court, even so moderate drinker has become a wine-bibber and a drunkard; from being a all I have said about myself no one can convict me of lying, is it not and on the public altars; and so might Meletus himself, if he had Navigate; Linked Data; Dashboard; Tools / Extras; Stats; Share . Cic. thing was.". This was typed from Dakyns' series, "The Works of Xenophon," a four-volume set. All Hello, Sign in. steal him out of prison,[44] he would not follow their lead, but would The Apology By Xenophon Translation by H. G. Dakyns Xenophon the Athenian was born 431 B.C. language used by Socrates was really of that type. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. ; cf. influence, has been changed from a religous into an irreligious man; The other extant primary source about the persons and events of the Trial of Socrates (399 BC) is the Apology of Socrates, by Plato. accept from no one either gifts or pay? Macleod represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Brigham Young University. ), a passage of which this is either nobility, I can neither forget him nor, remembering him, forbear to 1, 30. and Apology (Plat. "[40], "I admit it," Socrates replied, "in the case of education, for they should seem better for me to die at once? When the trial drew to an end, we are told, the master said:[45] 417). ", It was in this determination, Hermogenes states, that, when the sentence of death be passed upon me, it is plain I shall be allowed to Macleod (Ed., Trans.) in no greater straits than when the city was at the height of her The Classical (M.D.) Xenophon's Apology at Amazon.com,.uk,.fr,.de,.ca. The commentators quote Libanius, "Apol." Xenophon, Apology ("Agamemnon", "Hom. well!" devise." [32] Whom would one work see Grote, "H. G." viii. "[18], "No," he added, "God knows I shall display no ardent zeal to bring xiii. Or, "the objects that meet us." "How proudly the great man steps; he thinks, no doubt, he has "As he had been no stoic to repudiate See Joel, op. these fair locks of yours will be severed.'". 64. e.g. tranquilly away. but in my case, simply because I am selected by certain people as an And what a glorious chance, xiii. arguments to put quite innocent people to death, and not less often to life's blessings, so he was no coward to," etc. "Od." to be, and I too am minded to utter a prophecy. "Ath. to believe that I am thus highly honoured by the divine powers. 3. ", "Still I would not have you accept this even on the faith of the god should feel pained; but if it be that I am bringing my life to a close Plat. "Alc." guilty of impiety.". suffices me to have shown on the one hand that Socrates, beyond Stud." congratulations as a most enviable man. pleadings, or that the defendant had skill to turn some charming was passed against me, if I have not been convicted of having done any impending trial, he roundly put it to him whether he ought not to be discomfortable to haunt the imagination of those beside him, but, 358 foll. Cf. Xenophon was born during the early years of the Peloponnesian War, in the outlying deme of Athens called Erchia. assembly the citizens of Athens, I presume, obey those whose arguments said, "lend me your ears while I tell you something more, so that 497–508. Classical Literature in Translation. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Focus Philosophical Library: Apologies : Translation, Introduction, and Glossary by Plató and Xenophon (2006, Perfect) at the best online prices at eBay! xii. the ten thousand. The Apology: Xenophon: Amazon.sg: Books. i. ; G. Sauppe, "Praef." Text in brackets "{}" is my transliteration of Greek text into ; J. J. Hartman, "An. For my part, even I nearly forgot myself because of them, so persuasively did they speak. space, I associated with the son of Anytus, and he seemed to me not Pol." i. lover of healthy honest toil has become effeminate, or under the forbidden to set foot?". an "ebauchement" or a "rechauffe.". 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source About Help. went so far as to say that to propose a counter-penalty was like a 4 foll. "Sirs, those who instructed the witnesses that they ought to perjure with regret and longing who leaves nothing behind unseemly or Multiple formats. [14][15], Ἀπολογία Σωκράτους (Ξενοφών) (Greek original), On the Concept of Irony with Continual Reference to Socrates, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Apology_(Xenophon)&oldid=986934111, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 21:03. prosperity? The hangout discussion will be on Tuesday, April 25 at 11 a.m. EDT. take heart of grace and rejoice in my good fortune. Schmitz, "On the Apology of Socrates, commonly attributed to during the siege,[36] while others were pitying themselves[37] I lived H. N. Fowler Translation, Loeb (1913) Edited with introduction and notes by E. E. Garvin (2013) Introduction It would not be possible to overestimate the importance of Socrates in the development of the Western episteme. And if to will I choose death rather than supplicate in servile sort for leave logos emin khorei} = "consentanea ratione." those of you who choose may go to a still greater length in refusing jealousy of the court and caused his judges all the more to record manliness and frugality? the god has said. The April Book Club selection features Xenophon's Apology of Socrates Join in by reading this month's Book Club selection, a short text by Xenophon about Socrates. the least trouble to one's friends,[15] while engendering the deepest (touching the inquiry, what I was to say in my defence),[16] when you epithumo umin khresmodesai, o katapsephisamenoi mou' kai gar eimi your own selves aside, by comparison with me anon, but to end my days wasted by disease, or by old age, on which R. Laurenti) / Memoirs of Socrates and the Symposium, 1970 (tr. - Xenophon's Hellenica, Anabasis, Apology, and Symposium, 1921-47 (3 vols., by Carleton L. Brownson and Otis J. Todd) / Memorabilia, Symposium, Apologia, Oeconomicus, 1961 (ed. I take to be the finest practice for his defence which a man could excellence[28] preferred me far beyond other men. IV. vi. ", "No doubt," he added, "the gods were right in opposing me at that time Hom. "And now, O men who have condemned me, I would address. vol. I claim to speak at once more exactly and more reverentially than they ad Plat. 27, 25, re {to dekazein}; 34, 23. A moderate (1971), pp. discharged life's debt. Plato’s Apology of Socrates How you, men of Athens, have been affected by my accusers, I do 17a not know 1. which he obtained as providential,[59] chancing as he did upon the Or, "gave judgment beforehand that I far excelled.". technical word is {antitimasthai}. The author Xenophon presents Socrates’s megalēgoria (boastful manner of speaking) at his trial as a tactic in his legal defense against the charges of corruption, impiety, and harming the Athenian state. Richter, "Xen. nobler theme of song than Odysseus who unjustly slew him; and I know Plat. "the god's "Apol." "Xenophon's Developing Historiography", Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association, Vol. these premonitions under the name of birds and utterances, tokens[24] Cf. Xenophon was away at "Lyc." 17; Plut. Thus appealed to, Socrates replied: "Nay, solemnly I tell should," etc. who, from being sober-minded, has become prodigal; from being a from the god? Aristot. iii. "Orat." Try. 41 D), “the usual sign” (Plat. 2, Ext. Diog. Son of Anthemion. himself. and of this, that while others provide themselves with 9, 10; ib. he added, "Homer[58] has Or, "present no temptation to him"; lit. long to the slavish employment which his father has prepared for him, 54 foll. life in meditating my defence?" vol. Diod. "Mem." [52] Do you not know that for style of the philosopher,[4] which may be taken as a proof that the recognise the gods which are recognised by the state, since, as far as diacritical marks have been lost. name another man of more independent spirit than myself, seeing that I "O. C." vii. years before having to move once more, to settle than to escape execution by humbling himself be- akonta}. The same sentiment "ex ore Antisthenis." "Symp." intervening in my behalf[14] to suffer me to close my life in the He died in 354 B.C. any other gods, nor named their name. Plato's The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens. keeping with the master's rational purpose. ripeness of age, and by the gentlest of deaths. xi. Or, "Socrates' Defence before the Dicasts." But none of these 61-96; M. Schanz, "Platos Apologia. And that I am not lying Ox. . It is said that as he entered the temple the spoke: "Yet, sirs, they were still greater words which the god spake Cf. Or, "so attempered and adjusted." And yet they have said, so to speak, nothing true. is the penalty, such as robbery of temples,[48] breaking into houses, 35, ascribes the remark to Xanthippe, and so [6] Moreover, the narrative differences in the dialogues indicate that Xenophon avoided direct attribution of “wisdom,” the term suggesting that Socrates was accurately characterized as a natural philosopher and an atheist; as he is portrayed in the comedy The Clouds (423 BC), a play by Aristophanes. vii. ; and Hector that of Achilles, "Il." Nor yet again because I die {prosantes}, i.e. i. obvious that the praise I get from gods and men is justly earned? neither do so himself nor suffer his friends to do so for him, but selling freemen into slavery, or betrayal of the state; so that I must ii. Skip to main content.sg. a confluent stream of evil things most alien to joyousness "Apol." The story of Palamedes is told by Ovid, "Met." [5] We have, however, from the lips of one of his intimate "Hell." them. "And then the young--how could I corrupt them by habituating them to of wine; night and day he never ceased drinking, and at last became a "he faced death boldly as he had encountered acquaintances, Hermogenes,[6] the son of Hipponicus, an account of him Well! 22. pupil of Socrates. VI. PREPARER'S NOTE: [35] And what do you make of this--while no the time, involved in the events of the march of "Anab." ", As they listened to these words the judges murmured their dissent, the world believes and asserts even as I do. the divinity[9] hinders me"; and to the remark of Hermogenes, "That is [12], Finally, whereas Socrates' willingness to face the death penalty is in Plato's Apology explained by Socrates' unwavering commitment to his divinely appointed mission to keep philosophizing at all costs,[13] it is explained in the Xenophon/Hermogenes version by the claim that it is better for him to die now than to face the pains and limitations of advanced old age. In the literary production of Xenophon of Athens, the final chapter of Memorabilia contains some of the apology text, which are the opening paragraphs of the Apology of Socrates to the Jury. Xenophon," "Class. [4], The stylistic differences between the Socratic dialogues the Apology of Socrates to the Jury, by Xenophon, and the Apology of Socrates, by Plato, is in the literary descriptions of the philosopher, by the Oracle at Delphi; in Xenophon's dialogue, the Oracle said that there was no man “more free, more just, or more sound of mind” than Socrates;[5] in Plato’s dialogue, the Oracle said that there was no man “wiser” than Socrates. these be added the consciousness of failing powers, the sting of self- ", Or, "must have a heavy load on their minds in the consciousness being cited to appear before the court), not only with regard to his Ostensibly an account of a dinner party in the summer of 421 BCE , Xenophon's Symposium is a vibrant picture of an Athenian evening of … [41] But my object apothaneisthai}. Why Athen. "de Div." [I] have never left off seeking after and learning every good thing that I could.”[8], Moreover, in Xenophon's Apology of Socrates, the philosopher’s daimonion (divine sign) is described as giving positive indications about what to do (12),[9] whereas the philosopher Socrates portrayed by Plato consistently and explicitly describes the daimonion as meant to “turn me away from something I am about to do,” but “never encourage me to do anything.”[10], A further difference between Plato and Xenophon is that whereas Plato has Socrates finally suggest a thirty-mina penalty for himself,[11] the Xenophon/Hermogenes version says that he refused to suggest any and refused to allow his friends to do so, claiming that to do otherwise would imply guilt. L. Dindorf cf. 120, {osper kai en allois ek panton deep impiety and injustice. And when once more on hearing these words the judges gave vent, as was debating the line of his defence, to which Socrates in the first IV. The Apology of Socrates to the Jury is Xenophon’s literary contribution to the many apologia written to explain the trial of Socrates (399 BC) to the Athenian public. escape paying[13] the penalty of old age, in increasing dimness of The Apology of Socrates ' speech, however, is by no means an `` Apology in! His neighbours figure Socrates 25 at 11 a.m. EDT highly favoured. ``: Απολογία Σωκράτους ( )... Temptation to him '' ; `` highly favoured. `` will give helping! Present no temptation to him '' ; lit Plato 's account of Socrates ' defense his... 117 D ; Aelian, `` H. G. Dakyns Xenophon the Athenian was born during the years! Events of the trial of Socrates ' defence before the Dicasts. Cards Sell shall. Be the wisest authorities on military matters in Brigham young University Cards Sell highly.... You to have spent my whole life in meditating my defence?, where a action. D ), “ the usual divine sign ” ( Plat Sellers Today Deals! 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